Head of the Department: Engineer, Juan Klein D.
To provide specialized support services in Radiological Protection, Medical Radiological Surveillance, Environmental Radiological Surveillance, Metrology of Ionizing Radiations, Management of Radioactive Waste, both to internal users as well as to external CCHEN users and also centralizing the physical protection, environmental management and risk prevention of CCHEN the activities, representing the technical link between the Commission and the national inspecting authorities on environmental affairs and risk prevention, and with the control programs of international organizations ascribed to United Nations.
All that has been previously mentioned with the objective of protecting people, property and the environment from eventual risks derived from the use of ionizing radiations and nuclear energy, fully complying with current regulation.
In order to provide compliance to its functions and place its capacities at the disposal of users, the Department of Environmental Radiological Protection is formed by 8 Sections, which are detailed as follows.
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SECTION
Environmental regularization of nuclear centers
This work guide line covers the development of projects and not common actions within CCHEN, whose objective is the compliance of current environmental regulations and other voluntary commitments that are affecting the environment. Hence, this line does not take into account those permanent or periodic activities required to give compliance to environmental regulations, such as for example the monitoring of Riles, monitoring and annual declaration of emissions, monthly declaration of solid residues, disposition of solid residues, updating residues inventories, etc, nor those support activities such as teaching and personnel training, development of computer tools for environmental management, internal and external communication, etc.
System of Environmental Management
Acknowledgement - E-Waste 2006
CCHEN obtained the E-Waste 2006 recognition in the third version of prize-awarding “E Waste 2006”, granted by Octantis, Business Booster of Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, and Recycla Chile, to those companies, institutions and media communication which have excelled in the field of recycling. Specifically, the award acknowledges CCHEN "for its permanent contribution and care of the environment through the support of initiatives which promote electronic recycling and social company responsibility in Chile.
Head of the Section: Eng. Patricia Sotomayor
RADIOACTIVE WASTE SECTION
The Management of Radioactive Waste Section, as indicated by its name, has the objective the centralization of all activities related to the management of radioactive waste produced in the country due to the applications of nuclear energy for peaceful means, in order to protect man and the environment.
Fulfilling its objective, the Section develops its endeavor in the following areas:
Among the processes performed at the Plant for radioactive waste there are:
The services that the Unit provides the community are:
Head of Section: Engineer Azucena Sanhueza Mir
ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE SECTION
The objectives of this section are to perform measurement and periodic evaluation of radioactivity levels in national environment, including, the location of nuclear research reactors which exist in the country, in order to calculate the potential risks for the population’s health.
On the other hand, act as a technical reference in specialized services of radiological analyses.
This Section offers the community the following services of radiological analyses:
Head of Section: B.S. in Chemistry Igor Tomicic
RISK PREVENTION SECTION
Through the application of a systematic work program, eliminate or control, as much as possible, the causes which might produce work accidents and professional diseases which might damage personnel during the performance of their activities and, by extension, avoid possible damage to property and CCHEN facilities.
Execute the Personnel Training Program in accordance to the specific requirements of the activities carried out inside and outside of CCHEN.
Evaluate the working environments, with the objective of correcting those deviations from safety standards.
Assist CCHEN in those matters related to the industrial safety and hygiene demanded by the Health Authority, as well as by other competent authorities.
Verify the compliance with the Occupational Medicine Program for personnel exposed to noxious agents.
Coordination with the Labor Hospital for the taking of medical tests required for licensing.
Calculation and interpretation of statistical indexes of accidents in order to take timely measures when these indicate a negative deviation of programmed values.
Establish a work program under statistical results, which allow the flow measurement of the program.
Assist CCHEN Peer Committees according to what is specified in Executive Order 54
Head of Section: Engineer José Iglesias V.
The Radio medicine section performs medical surveillance activities of workers occupationally exposed (TOE) to Ionizing Radiation. The people controlled are mainly those who work at CCHEN laboratories.
CCHEN performs these activities basically to comply with medical surveillance and control of its personnel, considering the risks they are exposed to according to the work positions and following recommendations of the regulations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and national regulations in forced. Some of the techniques used in this section are unique in the country and are available to external users who may request them.
Its purpose is to control the health of personnel occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation of CCHEN, ruling out pathologies that may be produced or that may be confused or become more serious when working with ionizing radiation. It consists of a medical checkup and clinical laboratory tests to CCHEN´s personnel.
The purpose is to measure the radionuclides present in the urine of workers exposed, through analyses obtained by gamma spectrometry.
The technique of Cytogenesis Dosimetry is available (dicentrics) to estimate dose radiation absorbed in the case of accidents with ionizing radiation.
CCHEN has the only laboratory in Chile that has developed this technique, and the demand is attended to on a 100%, preferably of the external sector, providing a support service to the community.
Head of the Section: Dr. Sylvia Sanhueza M.
OPERATIONAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION SECTION
The activities carried out in Operational Radiological Protection Section have the following objectives:
Perform permanent control and surveillance of CCHEN internal facilities. The supervision implies carrying out monitoring and measurements in normal working conditions, to personnel and different working environments. Radiation and eventual air pollution of objects in internal environments is controlled.
Systems of radiological measurement at a distance (SMD)
The Operational Radiological Section has a remote system of radiological measurement, which allows control of the radiation level and/or pollution in some working areas and also, in some cases, of the environment itself.
The alarm levels, apart from being timely and continuously monitored, may be transmitted via electronic mail and cellular phone to members of the institution that require it.
On the other hand, this Remote Monitoring System is becoming known to industries and the mining sector and is generating an extraordinary technical-commercial interest.
Provision of external consultancies
Additionally, the Section assists companies and institutions in aspects of its competence.
Head of the Section: Engineer Manuel Echeverría M.
Laboratory of Metrology and Ionizing Radiation Section LMRI-Chile
Establish, maintain and manufacture standard patterns of radiation to determine a maximum degree of comparison and reliability of the measures of the characteristics of ionizing radiation used in the Chilean Commission of Nuclear Energy and in the country.
Develop techniques aimed toward maintaining consistency in the dose measurements performed with different instruments and for diverse objectives and have the adequate metrological structure for the calibration and standardization of generators of radiation and radiation, X rays, neutrons and charged particles detectors.
a. Metrology of Ionizing Radiations
b. Metrology of Non-Ionizing Radiations
Head of the Section: Carlos Oyarzún C.
PHYSICAL PROTECTION SECTION
The Physical Protection section has the following objectives:
Advise and coordinate the physical protection of nuclear and radioactive materials in the facilities of CCHEN on the part of the Operator in regard to the elaboration of design plans, implementation, procedures, creation of awareness, operation and maintenance of the operative systems of physical protection. Likewise, to act as a valid link with the military police of the Chilean Army assigned to the perimetral surveillance of the Chilean Center of Nuclear Studies.
Give compliance to the national legal regulations in this matter (Regulation Body of Physical Protection of Facilities and Nuclear Materials), and the international recommendations according to document INFCIRC.225/ Rev.4 of the OIEA to:
Head of the Engineering Section: Engineer (E) Juan Bravo G.